解决: Fatal error: session_start(): Failed to initialize storage module: files(session.inc.php on l

解决:Fatalerror:session_start():Failedtoinitializestoragemodule:files(session.inc.…

解决: Fatal error: session_start(): Failed to initialize storage module: files(session.inc.php on l

解决: Fatal error: session_start(): Failed to initialize storage module: files问题

之前编译安装的LNMP环境+phpmyamdin4.02的版本,今天突然出现这个问题:

Fatal error: session_start(): Failed to initialize storage module: files (path: ) in /data/www/phpmyadmin/libraries/session.inc.php on line 83

大致意思是session会话初始化的时候储存路径有误!第一反应就是查看php.ini的配置文件中的:

session.save_path = "/tmp"

默认前面是加的分号,表示不启用,我之前配置的时候已经启用了。那为什么还会报错呢?,于是网上找了一些资料,感觉都千篇一律:

1、检查error.log(Apache2.2\logs)文件,查看是否有错误报告。未发现。

2、检查php.ini中的session.save_handler的值是否为files,如果不是改为files

3、检查php.ini文件中session.save_path是否被注释了,如果有,则去掉前面的”;”。

4、将save_path后面的路径改成已有的路径,比如”D:\php\temp”

5、检查temp文件夹的属性是否可读可写。

6、重启APACHE服务器。OK

不知道那些哥们转载的时候自己试过了没有(在这里喷一下,最讨厌那种自己都没有亲测,就一股脑的转来转去。一点都不负责!)

根据上面的流程,排查了之后发现压根就没有解决,不过璞玉的服务器是nginx非apache。

然后自己写了一个脚本test.php:

$r = session_start();

var_dump($r);

打印结果为:

Warning: session_start(): SAFE MODE Restriction in effect. The script whose uid is 501 is not allowed to access /tmp owned by uid 0 in /data/www/test.php on line 3 Fatal error: session_start(): Failed to initialize storage module: files (path: ) in /data/www/test.php on line 3

意思是 php5一个安全模式的bug,默认session的save_path是系统的临时目录,这样会要校验权限。而这个脚本不能通过/tmp拥有者uid为0来执行uid是501也是www用户组的权限

解决这个有两种解决方法:

1。关闭安全模式;

2。在命令行下chown改文件/目录的拥有者

当然两种方法都要求你有服务器的权限。

下面是璞玉php.ini的配置文件:

[Session]

; Handler used to store/retrieve data.

; http://php.net/session.save-handler

session.save_handler = files; Argument passed to save_handler. In the case of files, this is the path

; where data files are stored. Note: Windows users have to change this

; variable in order to use PHP's session functions.

; The path can be defined as:

; session.save_path = "N;/path"

; where N is an integer. Instead of storing all the session files in

; /path, what this will do is use subdirectories N-levels deep, and

; store the session data in those directories. This is useful if you

; or your OS have problems with lots of files in one directory, and is

; a more efficient layout for servers that handle lots of sessions.

; NOTE 1: PHP will not create this directory structure automatically.

; You can use the script in the ext/session dir for that purpose.

; NOTE 2: See the section on garbage collection below if you choose to

; use subdirectories for session storage

; The file storage module creates files using mode 600 by default.

; You can change that by using

; session.save_path = "N;MODE;/path"

; where MODE is the octal representation of the mode. Note that this

; does not overwrite the process's umask.

; http://php.net/session.save-path

session.save_path = "/tmp"

; Whether to use cookies.

; http://php.net/session.use-cookies

session.use_cookies = 1

; http://php.net/session.cookie-secure

;session.cookie_secure =

; This option forces PHP to fetch and use a cookie for storing and maintaining

; the session id. We encourage this operation as it's very helpful in combatting

; session hijacking when not specifying and managing your own session id. It is

; not the end all be all of session hijacking defense, but it's a good start.

; http://php.net/session.use-only-cookies

session.use_only_cookies = 1

; Name of the session (used as cookie name).

; http://php.net/session.name

session.name = PHPSESSID

; Initialize session on request startup.

; http://php.net/session.auto-start

session.auto_start = 0

; Lifetime in seconds of cookie or, if 0, until browser is restarted.

; http://php.net/session.cookie-lifetime

session.cookie_lifetime = 0

; The path for which the cookie is valid.

; http://php.net/session.cookie-path

session.cookie_path = /

; The domain for which the cookie is valid.

; http://php.net/session.cookie-domain

session.cookie_domain =

; Whether or not to add the httpOnly flag to the cookie, which makes it inaccessible to browser scripting languages such as JavaScript.

; http://php.net/session.cookie-httponly

session.cookie_httponly =

; Handler used to serialize data. php is the standard serializer of PHP.

; http://php.net/session.serialize-handler

session.serialize_handler = php

; Defines the probability that the 'garbage collection' process is started

; on every session initialization. The probability is calculated by using

; gc_probability/gc_divisor. Where session.gc_probability is the numerator

; and gc_divisor is the denominator in the equation. Setting this value to 1

; when the session.gc_divisor value is 100 will give you approximately a 1% chance

; the gc will run on any give request.

; Default Value: 1

; Development Value: 1

; Production Value: 1

; http://php.net/session.gc-probability

session.gc_probability = 1

; Defines the probability that the 'garbage collection' process is started on every

; session initialization. The probability is calculated by using the following equation:

; gc_probability/gc_divisor. Where session.gc_probability is the numerator and

; session.gc_divisor is the denominator in the equation. Setting this value to 1

; when the session.gc_divisor value is 100 will give you approximately a 1% chance

; the gc will run on any give request. Increasing this value to 1000 will give you

; a 0.1% chance the gc will run on any give request. For high volume production servers,

; this is a more efficient approach.

; Default Value: 100

; Development Value: 1000

; Production Value: 1000

; http://php.net/session.gc-divisor

session.gc_divisor = 1000

; After this number of seconds, stored data will be seen as 'garbage' and

; cleaned up by the garbage collection process.

; http://php.net/session.gc-maxlifetime

session.gc_maxlifetime = 1440

; NOTE: If you are using the subdirectory option for storing session files

; (see session.save_path above), then garbage collection does *not*

; happen automatically. You will need to do your own garbage

; collection through a shell script, cron entry, or some other method.

; For example, the following script would is the equivalent of

; setting session.gc_maxlifetime to 1440 (1440 seconds = 24 minutes):

; find /path/to/sessions -cmin +24 | xargs rm

; PHP 4.2 and less have an undocumented feature/bug that allows you to

; to initialize a session variable in the global scope, even when register_globals

; is disabled. PHP 4.3 and later will warn you, if this feature is used.

; You can disable the feature and the warning separately. At this time,

; the warning is only displayed, if bug_compat_42 is enabled. This feature

; introduces some serious security problems if not handled correctly. It's

; recommended that you do not use this feature on production servers. But you

; should enable this on development servers and enable the warning as well. If you

; do not enable the feature on development servers, you won't be warned when it's

; used and debugging errors caused by this can be difficult to track down.

; Default Value: On

; Development Value: On

; Production Value: Off

; http://php.net/session.bug-compat-42

session.bug_compat_42 = Off

; This setting controls whether or not you are warned by PHP when initializing a

; session value into the global space. session.bug_compat_42 must be enabled before

; these warnings can be issued by PHP. See the directive above for more information.

; Default Value: On

; Development Value: On

; Production Value: Off

; http://php.net/session.bug-compat-warn

session.bug_compat_warn = Off

; Check HTTP Referer to invalidate externally stored URLs containing ids.

; HTTP_REFERER has to contain this substring for the session to be

; considered as valid.

; http://php.net/session.referer-check

session.referer_check =

; How many bytes to read from the file.

; http://php.net/session.entropy-length

session.entropy_length = 0

; Specified here to create the session id.

; http://php.net/session.entropy-file

; On systems that don't have /dev/urandom /dev/arandom can be used

; On windows, setting the entropy_length setting will activate the

; Windows random source (using the CryptoAPI)

;session.entropy_file = /dev/urandom

; Set to {nocache,private,public,} to determine HTTP caching aspects

; or leave this empty to avoid sending anti-caching headers.

; http://php.net/session.cache-limiter

session.cache_limiter = nocache

; Document expires after n minutes.

; http://php.net/session.cache-expire

session.cache_expire = 180

; trans sid support is disabled by default.

; Use of trans sid may risk your users security.

; Use this option with caution.

; - User may send URL contains active session ID

; to other person via. email/irc/etc.

; - URL that contains active session ID may be stored

; in publically accessible computer.

; - User may access your site with the same session ID

; always using URL stored in browser's history or bookmarks.

; http://php.net/session.use-trans-sid

session.use_trans_sid = 0

; Select a hash function for use in generating session ids.

; Possible Values

; 0 (MD5 128 bits)

; 1 (SHA-1 160 bits)

; This option may also be set to the name of any hash function supported by

; the hash extension. A list of available hashes is returned by the hash_algos()

; function.

; http://php.net/session.hash-function

session.hash_function = 0

; Define how many bits are stored in each character when converting

; the binary hash data to something readable.

; Possible values:

; 4 (4 bits: 0-9, a-f)

; 5 (5 bits: 0-9, a-v)

; 6 (6 bits: 0-9, a-z, A-Z, "-", ",")

; Default Value: 4

; Development Value: 5

; Production Value: 5

; http://php.net/session.hash-bits-per-character

session.hash_bits_per_character = 5

; The URL rewriter will look for URLs in a defined set of HTML tags.

; form/fieldset are special; if you include them here, the rewriter will

; add a hidden <input> field with the info which is otherwise appended

; to URLs. If you want XHTML conformity, remove the form entry.

; Note that all valid entries require a "=", even if no value follows.

; Default Value: "a=href,area=href,frame=src,form=,fieldset="

; Development Value: "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=fakeentry"

; Production Value: "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=fakeentry"

; http://php.net/url-rewriter.tags

url_rewriter.tags = "a=href,area=href,frame=src,input=src,form=fakeentry"

因为这个是在一台VPS上面配置的,上面有多个项目,于是璞玉打开一个项目,发现此项目的验证码功能是OK的。

于是查看代码如下:

$sessSavePath = "/data/sessions/";

// Session保存路径

if(is_writeable($sessSavePath) && is_readable($sessSavePath)){ session_save_path($sessSavePath); }

if(!empty($cfg_domain_cookie)) session_set_cookie_params(0,'/',$cfg_domain_cookie);

上面这个代码是在session_start() 初始化之前来判断是否存在session会话的文件夹。

于是就在phpmyadmin里面的保存的那个文件/phpmyadmin/libraries/session.inc.php做了下修改:

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if (! isset($_COOKIE[$session_name])) {

// on first start of session we check for errors

// f.e. session dir cannot be accessed - session file not created

$orig_error_count = $GLOBALS['error_handler']->countErrors();

//session_save_path('./tmp');

session_save_path("/data/www/session");

$r = session_start();

if ($r !== true

$orig_error_count != $GLOBALS['error_handler']->countErrors()

) {

setcookie($session_name, '', 1);

/*

* Session initialization is done before selecting language, so we

* can not use translations here.

*/

PMA_fatalError('Cannot start session without errors, please check errors given in your PHP and/or webserver log file and configure your PHP installation properly. Also ensure that cookies are enabled in your browser.');

}

unset($orig_error_count);

} else {

session_save_path("/data/www/session");

session_start();

}

在 session_start(); 前面添加了 session_save_path(“/data/www/session”); 就解决了这个问题。

切记通过@ini_set(‘session.save_path’, ”/data/www/session”);无效!

这个问题困扰了我几个小时,终于解决了,所以就记录下来,对日后应该会有帮助。

如果对你有帮助,请留言。如果有什么意见欢迎交流!

谢谢耐心的看完了!

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